Topic – Digital World Question- How far can we prevent data breaches

Topic – Digital World
Question- How far can we prevent data breaches ?

Introduction
In the era internet it is hard to imagine the amount of data produced by users worldwide. In this report two of the most important issues of privacy is explained. Data breaches are incidents in which data is stolen or taken from the system. These data can be private data of users as well. For the global perspective I did my research on human error as it is the most common cause in data breaches. In national perspective I chose Aadhar card used in India because it is serious issue of unsecured privacy of almost every Indians.

Global Perspective

Recent statistics from Radar metadata of 2016 and 2017 states incidents that took place unintentionally like; theft, computer viruses etc are 92.5% than intentional incidents which are just 7.5%. The statistics also shows Data breaches unintentionally were 82.7%.Radar metadata gives information based on researches. The statistics clearly proves the irresponsibility of our data. One more example of Equifax data breach of 2017 that exposed approximately 146 million Americans, the breach took place because of mistake of employees failing to follow security warnings. A human error is leading to privacy issues. Globally, for many types companies even in IT companies, human error is the dangerous thing can ever happen. Huge enterprises have huge connection between their servers in certain location any mistake by the admins can lead to catastrophe for the whole project. Although the human error is in continuous especially in global network and Banks, there have been many practices going on to reduce human errors. The less the human errors the safer our privacy gets. Privacy cannot be just disclosed or hacked by the hacker’s only states the recent statistics. Disclosure of data unintentionally is 88% while 7.7% were unauthorized access and only 4.3% was because of other reasons. The data that got disclose greatly harm the individuals whose data got revealed. This statistics are also provided by Radar metadata. Human error is also taking place in healthcares. In total of 242 breaches 49 were because of human error. The breaches were caused by careless mistake like sending personal data of patients to wrong email address or losing the paperwork containing personal and sensitive information about anyone.
A recent statistics on data breaches was released and here is the information:
In the year of 2016 and 2017 loads of data breaches were revealed by Yahoo. In august the company was hacked online affecting 500 million users, In December the company then revealed the hack that took place 1 billion users. And in October 2017 one more breach took place affecting 3 billion users.
In July 2018, a lawmaker’s enquiry came after The Wall Street Journal reported that some add on makers did not informed the users that in Gmails the data can be shared by an additional party. Which in other words mean that developers are reading your gmails. Although companies like Google has almost no chances of data breaches but that doesn’t change the fact that there is always a third party reading your mails.
Last but not the least one of the biggest data breach that took place in 2017. The company Uber was hacked that lead to a loss of $100,000 for the company. Uber is a location based app for rides. The incident destroyed the personal data of 57 million users including driver’s account for a year.

National Perspective
In India , recently an unique identification card has been released for the citizens known as ‘Aadhar’ card. Aadhar uses unique 12 digit unique identity number made for every citizen.
Aadhar card has been linked to many types of data that contains sensitive personal data.
Not only it has been risked with personal data but it also uses Biometric Technology that can be easily hacked. It has definitely got many advantages but the fact remains the same it does not maintain privacy. There was a recent case involving 210 government websites exposed Aadhar details of indians in public. It’s not just the government to be blamed but also the technology used in Aadhar cards. Biometric is a secure technology to used as it does not use passwords or pin that can hacked easily. Aadhar card uses fingerprints and retina scanning that contain personal data which is then stored in government ‘s databases. Can the government assure us that the data is secure in their server?. As expected there has been data breaches taking place of millions of indians. It is though, hard to believe that almost every Indian’s privacy is at a huge risk. There has been hearings going on of crucial cases on Aadhar in supreme court. Although the security level of accessing the data by unauthorized server is been upgraded. But privacy is still not 100% secure. There are many advantages of aadhar card, like it gives access to the citizens for many legal processes easily. As mentioned above the personal details of every Aadhar card owner is saved in government databases and is safe by multiple security layers.
Which also increases the chances of human error taking place by any employee
Even after horrifying statistics, many indians still believe that data breaches in Aadhar cards are not possible. In january 2018 there was a data breach that took place with 1 thousand 370 millions were affected.

Consequences of Human errors in Companies and Health care

If any human error takes place the employees and the team needs to identify and solve the issue which may take a lot of time which can slow down the process. If any human error leads to losing of data or data getting hacked can result in losing clients or partners. Lastly any human error results in huge data loss the company’s security can be questioned which can damage company’s reputation. So human errors definitely for companies are very costly.
The rates of human error in terms of privacy in healthcare can lead to tragic incidents. The information can come across criminals. . It will be easier for hackers to get private informations.

Consequences of Aadhar card
Gradually, people will stop trusting Aadhar cards looking at its disadvantages. It will get difficult for government to pass any scheme. The loss of privacy may increase if proper measures by the government is not taken.

Courses of Actions

In one of the ted talks Jagdish Mahapatra gave few solutions to prevent internet privacy,like users should keep on deleting their google histories and users should not keep unnecessary apps in their digital devices. I agree with the advices as it can also help in securing privacy from biometrics. Aadhar cards used in india cannot be legally objected, but we can definitely secure our internet privacy by taking steps from our sides. The global issue which is human error in many companies can also be solved by training the employees properly. Using more of technology to get more accurate results. To increase the safety measures even for employees. Also, companies should start using quantum cryptography for the most sensitive datas.

Personal Perspective

While I was doing my research i was surprised by the issues and the statistics.It is a massive amount of data which is not secure. It is difficult to believe in the statistics when the number are huge. Human beings are made of flesh and they make mistake does not mean that the mistakes should be made with this carelessness. How can 96 % of data breaches can be caused unintentionally because of human error?.I was also surprised when i realised that developers of google developers are allowed to access my account and read. As a student living in 21st century I am not only in risk of getting harmed physically but also by the data breaches. In national perspective I researched about Aadhar card as it was the top most privacy issues. I think to indians Aadhar is the biggest risk to them. Aadhar card was made compulsory in india to bring a digital and safe change in societies but the result is drastic. Other countries also uses unique identification cards but they are much more safe than Aadhars. According to me the government should seriously help in resolving this problem.But internet user cannot be fully dependent on government and should take safety measures which i have also discussed in course of actions. I personally do some activities to keep my data safe like, deleting google histories once a month,always signing off from my email and to keep on changing my internet accounts passwords frequently.Even though these are just small precautions and may not be helpful in data loss, but still we should always try our best to maintain our privacy even in internet.