This study is anchored on Jean Piaget’s theory of Constructivism and Edward Thorndike’s theory of Laws of Effect, Exercise and Readiness and is reinforced with the following theories, Zone of Proximal Development by Lev Vygotsky, Multiple Intelligences by Howard Gardner’s, Learning by Doing by John Dewey, and Social Cognitive and Social Learning Theories by Albert Bandura.
Jean Piaget’s theory of Constructivism supports the claimed of Flipped classroom that for every young learner, learning comes out from actively exploring and engaging in tasks. By giving the students a chance to take part in the discovery of the ideas and with the instructor as a facilitator, learning will arise. This additional stress that committing mistakes as the learner’s encounter on the tasks are very vital in the development of learning. Learning an idea derives from the learners’ self-discovery and initiative.
Edward Thorndike’s theories are additionally the principle of the Flipped classroom. His Laws of Effect, Exercise and Readiness are only a couple of them that advance learning in a dissimilar way. The Law of Effect is concerned with the notion that learning will be improved if the impact of teaching is appealing for the students. The utilization of innovation outside the class hour can improve the enthusiasm of the students to discover new thing and a feeling of fulfillment after the learning. It has been reinforced by John Dewey’s Learning by Doing. Understanding now of the new topic is made plausible through the chances of utilizing the innovation by themselves and besides, the students attempt to check their learning individually. Students feel the feeling of proprietorship with their learning as they innovatively and significantly do the anticipated obligations into a situation. Both Law of Exercise and Readiness discussed around the development of knowledge if the students are prepared and have accomplished the learning before things are discussed in a classroom setting. Flipped classroom makes the preparation and research enjoyable for the students since they would be ready for the class in advance, and within the regular classroom period, the students also workout further ways of learning as they will be given additional group work and exploratory activities in the class. Both of Bandura’s Social Learning and Social Cognitive Theories is also one of the best pillars of the Flipped form of the classroom. Through the conduct of outside-the-class lecture and inside-the-class activities, the concept of observation, imitation, and modeling, as emphasized by Bandura, are all captured and given importance. The teacher lets the students use all the time in a regular classroom instruction schedule to learn how to do things with even minimal teacher participation.
Lev Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development likewise reinforces the advantages of Flipped learning that student learns as they are led into and it’s called scaffolding. The ideas are letting the students observed how to accomplish something, at that point accomplish something in a teamwork with another more experienced individual, and lastly, they will have the capacity to do it without anyone’s help. In another way around, this is where the bring-home videos in the Flipped classroom come in. As lecture and activity are discussed through video and any form of materials, the students will understand how to do it later by their own. Achievement in these exercises will help with empowering and propelling their individual learning.
Integrating a Flipped form of a classroom boosts students of various bits of knowledge to learn at their own pace, style, and convenience. As discovered by Howard Gardner, the Theory of Multiple Intelligences clarifies that not all students learn by paying attention to a lecture, to which a comparable concern brought out by a Flipped classroom. Those students who like get a chance to witness how a thing is being completed, those students who like to learn individually, those students who like to utilize technology in learning, those students who like to learn without time limits, those students who like to be accountable in discovering their own learning and other sort of students as stated by Gardner is being accommodated by the Flipped classroom.