The “Single European Act “

The “Single European Act “(EU,1988) formed the general principle of the single European internal market for goods and services within the European Union (EU). The European Commission (EC) followed on from the Single European Act and issued a document on “internal energy market” (EU,1988). This created the legislative foundation which was used through the 1990s, with its focus on an energy market that was integrated and should have more competition but also less cost for the consumer.
Additional Electricity Directives aimed at lining up common set of requirements which national governments had to implement in their national legislation. The directives in 1996, 2003 and 2009 slowly but surely liberalised national electricity markets. The aim was to facilitate increased cross border trading through specific rules encouraging non-discriminatory access to interconnector capacity. The implemenation of new national market rules also reduced the entry barriers into national markets.