The primary focus of the current research is to estimate the significance level of variation in average score for emotional intelligence and personality between normal individuals, schizophrenics and cannabis addicts.
The definition of EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE and PERSONALITY are given below for illustrative purpose.
• EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE:
Emotional Intelligence is the knowledge of other’s emotions/knowledge of one’s own emotions. (Sattler, 2001; Pfieffer 2001).
According to Salovey and Mayer, Emotional Intelligence is the “the ability or tendency to perceive, understand, regulate, and harness emotions adaptively in the self and in others.”(Schutte, et al. 2001 pg.1)
Emotional Intelligence is the emotions aiding judgement and memory” and conceptualizing EI as a trait and an ability. (Schutte, 2001 pg.1)
“Personality refers to deeply ingrained patterns of behavior, which include the way one relates to, perceives and thinks about the environment and one self.” – American Psychiatric Association-1987
? OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF SAMPLE:
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: 4th edition-text revision (DSM-IV-TR) defines schizophrenia as a disorder of thinking, volition, and affect (American Psychiatric Association, (APA), 2000).
Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling. (National Institute Of Mental Health, 2016)
CANNABIS ADDICTION: Cannabis (Marijuana) use can lead to the development of problem use, known as a Cannabis (marijuana) use disorder, which takes the form of addiction in severe cases. Recent data suggest that 30 percent of those who use Cannabis (marijuana) may have some degree of Cannabis (marijuana) use disorder.18 People who begin using Cannabis (marijuana) before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a Cannabis (marijuana) use disorder than adults. (National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2018, feb)
? RESEARCH VARIABLES: The research variables, of any scientific experiment or research process, are factors that can be manipulated and measured. Martyn Shuttleworth (Aug 9, 2008)
1. DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES:
• Major Medical Illness
• Present psychiatric illness
• Past psychiatric illness
2. VARIABLES UNDER THE STUDY:
Following variables under the study in research are:
A) Independent Variable: – An independent variable is a variable believed to affect the dependent variable.
1. Normal individuals
3. Cannabis addicts
B) Dependent Variable: – The dependent variable is the variable a researcher is interested in.
1. Emotional Intelligence Score
2. Personality Score
? MEASURING TOOLS USED:
In the current study, the following three tools have been used for conducting this research and among them two scales have been used to estimate the emotional intelligence level and personality type of Normal individuals, Schizophrenics, Cannabis addicts.
1) THE SOCIO DEMOGRAPHIC DATA SHEET:
The term “socio-demographic” refers to a group defined by its sociological and demographic characteristics. Socio-demographic groups are used for analyses in the social sciences as well as for marketing and medical studies. Demographic characteristics can refer to age, sex, place of residence, religion, educational level and marital status. Sociological characteristics are more objective traits, such as membership in organizations, household status, interests, values and social groups. A group based on both sociological and demographic traits, such as people under 30 years of age who are interested in environmentalism, is an example of a socio-demographic group. Studies that divide people into groups by education, relative income, ethnicity and gender are considered socio-demographic studies.
While designing a survey or research it is very important to assess who to survey and how to breakdown overall survey response data into meaningful groups of respondents. Both assessments are based on demographic considerations.
The datasheet provides detailed information on the composition of the population. It was also used to differentiate between different groups in the population as this segmentation offers insight that would have been missed by only looking at the aggregate data.
The socio-demographic data used in this research are name, age, gender, residence, Occupation, Education, Major Medical Illness, Present psychiatric illness, Past psychiatric illness