The choices that people make pave the way to a future that can be either in society’s favor or against society

The choices that people make pave the way to a future that can be either in society’s favor or against society. In George Orwell’s 1984, an extreme version of a negative future for society is emphasized through the totalitarian government Orwell paints, which can erase all traces of humanity in a society. To strengthen the thesis, the points of discussion used will be about the loss of humanity in a totalitarian government by the government’s aims to constrict moral ethics, the invasion of privacy in a totalitarian government, and the negative effects of propaganda.
The first point of discussion will be about the loss of humanity in a totalitarian government who aims to constrict society’s moral ethics. In Xuan Qin’s “Ethical Consciousness under Totalitarianism”, the process of how humanity is lost in a totalitarian reign through the constant surveillance and control. Although surveillance and control are needed for safety and order in the modern world, 1984’s totalitarian government “surveillance mechanism is overdone to people, for it deprives nearly all the privacy of the people, including freedom, hobby and independent thought”( Qin,731). Aspects such as the architecture in Oceania all contribute to the loss of human characteristics in society due to the never-ending pressure of being watched and monitored as well as the possible. Not only do the physical aspects contribute to the totalitarian style of Oceania but also the dangers of not obeying the strict principles of Oceania. People would do anything to avoid the harsh punishments of Oceania including, like Winston, giving up their basic bottom line of life which it turn leads to the gradual loss of their humanity.
For the second point of discussion the invasion of privacy in a totalitarian government will be discussed. With the constant presence of telescreens and possibility of secret spies from the party in Oceania’s everyday society, individuals lose their sense of security and privacy. In Michael Yeo’s “Propaganda and Surveillance in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four: Two Sides of the Same Coin”, the two ways of surveillance that appear in 1984 will be discussed. One of these ways of surveillance is pantropical surveillance (in which it is made known to society that they are being watched: For this type of surveillance, the way “one censors oneself so as to avoid unorthodoxy” (Yeo, 53) will be discussed. The second way of surveillance discussed will be surreptitious surveillance (in which individuals are spied on secretly). In regards to this type of surveillance, the reasons behind the usage of this type of surveillance by the party will also be discussed. These two ways of surveillance used will be used to demonstrate just how much an individual has to censor and lose themselves and their morals to avoid being persecuted.
The third point of discussion will be about the harmful results that can come with the use of propaganda in a totalitarian government, which manipulates the values and beliefs of society’s individuals therefore leading to society’s loss of humanity. Michael Yeo’s “Propaganda and Surveillance in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four: Two Sides of the Same Coin” thoroughly examines how the party in Oceania “takes propaganda to totalizing limits in its project of political control over not just everything that people do or say but everything they think or believe”(Yeo, 51) and how virtually every communication between the party and the society of Oceania is “calculated to propagate politically charged messages” (Yeo, 51). Support will be provided with many examples and explanations of propaganda that are mentioned in 1984 such as the propaganda that Winston has to write every day for the needs of the party to encourage society to follow the party’s principles and forget their own principles in return.
The government’s aims to constrict moral ethics, the invasion of privacy in a totalitarian government, and the negative effects of propaganda will all serve as points to support the argument that loss of humanity in a society is can happen under the rule of a totalitarian government. When society is exposed to the persuasive, persistent measures taken by the party to pressure society into following them and their beliefs, society easily loses all traces of themselves and their humanity.