How do babies inherit their genotypes?
The chromosomes contain genes that you inherit from your parents. Each cell in the body contains 23 pairs of chromosomes, one chromosome from each pair is inherited from your mum and one from your dad. For example, you might inherit a blue eye gene from your mum and a green eye gene from your dad, in this situation you’ll have brown eyes because the brown eye gene is more dominant. The different forms of genes for eye colour are caused by mutation in DNA.
This is the same for medical conditions, there might be a faulty version of a gene that can result in a medical condition, but the normal gene may not cause health problems. Whether or not your baby will have a health condition depends on many things, including: what genes they inherit, whether that gene is dominant or not, and their environment.
IVF and selection of embryos
IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization, and it is an assisted reproductive technology. IVF is the process of fertilization by removing eggs, getting a sperm sample, and then manually merging them. The embryo(s) is then put back into the uterus.
Pre-implantation genetic Diagnosis is a screening test used to prevent implantation of embryos that would be carrying chromosomal abnormalities. This genetic screening can identify many characteristics, particularly genetically inherited diseases. Many soon-to-be families choose to use this screening test to make sure their child doesn’t inherit a disease from them to ensure their child lives a long healthy life.
Interaction between science and society
The effect of science in society is neither good nor bad. Science influences society in a big way through its different view of the world. Knowledge and procedures scientists use influence the way many people see themselves, progress in science relies on what is happening in society. History often depends on scientific and technological improvements. In this case of scientific development, people are arguing whether or not you should screen for diseases, and change certain characteristics of your baby through IVF.
Potential Impact or application
There is not many things that will impact your child if he/she went through IVF, IVF children will live long lives and grow up to be healthy adults. Development of an IVF child will be just the same as any other child, unless the parent has a developmental problem, which they can most likely screen for. The quality of life for an IVF child will be exactly the same as the other kids, because parents who went through IVF would have taken the time to have their embryos screened for any diseases that would decrease your child’s quality of life. IVF children will have little environmental and economic impact, an IVF child would impact the environment in the exact same way a child who didn’t go through IVF would. While IVF is pretty expensive now, if IVF became a normal thing for parents to do, the prices would definitely regulate at a lower cost. People act like IVF is a bad thing, but it’s quite the opposite.
IVF is a way for parents to choose what they want their kids to be like, many couples get IVF to prevent their child from getting a hereditary disease that they’re carrying, to ensure their child has the best chance in life. I fully condone IVF, I think it’s great because you can keep your child from getting a disease that you have, but also giving them certain characteristics you want in a “good” child. I don’t understand why people think that changing certain characteristics of their child is a bad thing, I see it as a way to give your child a step up in life, and for example, you can make your child more intelligent because you’re not the sharpest tool in the shed. Most people think that it’s stepping over the line but if the service is readily available, why not go for it?
BIBLIOGRAPHY American Association for the Advancement of Science. (2018, May 25). Science in Personal and Social Perspectives: Science and technology in society. Retrieved from Project 2061: http://www.project2061.org/publications/rsl/online/COMPARE/NRC/NRC2BSL/5_8/NSES183.HTM
American Pregnancy. (2017, July 28). In Vitro Fertilization: IVF. Retrieved from American Pregnancy Association: http://americanpregnancy.org/infertility/in-vitro-fertilization/
NHS Choices. (2016, October 13). GenetIc inheritance. Retrieved from NHS Choices: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/genetics/inheritance/