By: Ferlyn G. Gaje
This strategy is an extension of what we all know the ART strategy, a reading strategy that helps a reader monitor their own understanding of a text before reading, during reading and after reading by using three steps:
1. ASK. Before reading the story, students look over the title, ask what the story is going to be about, consider their prior knowledge about the topic and pose questions that they want to find out through reading.
2. Read. While reading, students should stop periodically to check if they understand what the text they’re reading is about or there’s a need to apply comprehension fix-up skills.
3. Tell. After reading, students attempt to answer the questions posed earlier based on the story just read. Finally, they should look for a partner and tell each other what questions and answers they produced.
Ask-Read-Tell strategy is simple to use. It helps students become a good reader who are able to independently monitor their own understanding while reading. However, I think just asking, reading and telling is not enough to ensure students have a good reading comprehension. Comprehension happens not only when they are able to think about what they have read but also to apply that information in a meaningful way. They need to be involved, make connections and self-reflection. If possible more time and training should be provided for the students to completely absorb everything they have to learn. This is the reason why I create this ARTIST strategy which includes three more steps to be followed:
4. Involvement. To extend the learning experience, students may perform any creative activities where everyone is involved and encouraged to apply what they learned on the story they just read. The more students get involved, the more interested or active they become in the learning process. One best way to involve students is to have them dramatize the story where they act out parts of the story or a passage in a short story. It can be a pantomime, dramatic reading, full story performance or anything alike that will help enhance students’ comprehension and enjoyment.
5. Self-reflection. Making a reflection is the students’ response to the experiences, opinions, events or new information. . It’s a way to achieve clarity and better understanding of what they are learning. They create deeper connections between their experiences and the characters in the story, and start making reflections on themselves. Let them share it to class in any way they find comforting. (Sharing helps them communicate with one another. By that they learn and grow together)
6. Time and Training. Set ample time for everything. Set a time for training. Constant training leads to perfection. Therefore, there is no stopping. Students should continue to train or to be trained until they master the strategy, until they become completely independent. Look for a similar material or book and repeat the steps. See if they manage to do it on their own.
ARTIST Strategy will help students acquire a lasting educational experience. I believe students connect best when they’re allowed to actually manipulate the material with their own hands and minds. Remember the old saying “Tell me and I forget; show and I remember; involve me and I understand”. This saying implies that the more students are involved in the learning process, the more of their minds and bodies are reconfigured to retain that knowledge. So, don’t just let the students ask-read-tell; make them get involved, be self-reflective and provide more time and training if necessary. Through all these steps, they’ll have an applicable understanding of their learning.